Zambia is a republic in southern Africa with a population of 14 million. After gaining its independence in 1964, Zambia put all its hope into education financing this through the abundance of funds from copper mines. Ten years later copper prices crashed, making free education as well as free medical care questionable. The economic decline of Zambia was accelerated due to many factors: the closing of the border to what was then Rhodesia, the lack of a rainy season and the mismanagement in the public and private sectors to name a few. In addition, an AIDS epidemic resulted in one million orphans in the country today. In the mean time copper prices have recovered. The majority of the mines, after the privatization, are now owned by foreign companies with whom the Zambian Nation is in constant conflict due to the low tax tariffs.
English is the official language, but there are four main local languages: Lozi, Nyanja, Bemba and Tonga. All in all there are 78 spoken languages in Zambia.